The current issues of climate change, clean air and water, energy resources, and land and material use continue to draw our attention to sustainability strategies; where these issues intersect with human life, there is a need for sustainable urban planning. According to a 1986 United Nations report, sustainability is “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”, and sustainable urban planning incorporates strategies and practices that ensure livable, self-sustaining communities for humans in the long term. Involving many disciplines such as architecture, engineering, environmental sciences, transportation, economic development, and government, sustainable urban planning must take into account land use and impact on natural resources to solve the issues of urban living today. Solutions can include green buildings and housing, mixed-use developments, green public spaces, alternative transportation systems, and walkability, all of which help to improve the physical, social, and mental well-being of people and their communities, while shaping the communities in which they live into healthier, more efficient spaces. Sustainable urban planning is not without its challenges, as cities, suburban areas, and municipalities vary environmentally and demographically, and may involve a complexity of obstacles such as population growth, environmental degradation, and resource scarcity. It is vital that there is a collaboration between sustainability professionals and local governments to manage resources, reduce overall impact on the environment, and ensure the health of the community.